Home » Bookkeeping articles » Cost of Goods Sold Calculator COGS

# Cost of Goods Sold Calculator COGS

July 25, 2024
Bill Kimball

The unsold 430 items would remain on the balance sheet as inventory for \$1,520. The COGS is identified with the last purchased inventories and moves upwards to the beginning inventories until the required number of items sold is fulfilled. Additionally, the ending inventory is inflated because the latest inventory was purchased at higher prices. For the 120 remaining items in inventory, the value of 20 items is \$15/item, and the value of 100 items is \$20/item. The FIFO method presupposes that the first goods purchased are also the first goods sold. This assumption is closely matched to the actual flow of goods in most companies.

## Best Accounting Software for Small Businesses of 2024

This method is usually used in high-ticket products or those products that need a closely controlled inventory and track trends of sales. There are four methods that a company can use when recording its inventory sold during a period. The IRS has set specific rules for which type of method a company can use and when to make changes to the inventory cost method. Learn more about how businesses use the cost of goods sold in financial reporting, and how to calculate it if you need to for your own business. If a company orders more raw materials from suppliers, it can likely negotiate better pricing, which reduces the cost of raw materials per unit produced (and COGS). As another industry-specific example, COGS for SaaS companies could include hosting fees and third-party APIs integrated directly into the selling process.

## How do I calculate cost of goods sold (COGS)?

Understanding and managing COGS not only enhances profitability but also supports effective pricing, inventory management, and compliance with financial reporting standards. A business’s cost of goods sold can also shine a light on areas where it can cut back to make more profit. You might be surprised to find that you’re making less profit than you expected with certain products.

## How to Calculate Cost of Goods Sold (COGS)

Cost of goods sold is the direct cost incurred in the production of any goods or services. In effect, the company’s management obtain a better sense of the cost of producing the good or providing the service – and thereby can price their offerings better. In addition, the gross profit of a company can be divided by revenue to arrive at the gross profit margin, which is among one of the most frequently used profit measures. The formula for calculating cost of goods sold (COGS) is the sum of the beginning inventory balance and purchases in the current period, subtracted by the ending inventory balance.

Both of these industries can list COGS on their income statements and claim them for tax purposes. Alexis started the month with stock that had a cost of \$8,300, which is her beginning inventory. Over the month, she ordered materials to make new items and ordered some products to resale, spending \$4,000, which are her inventory costs.

## How to Calculate Cost of Goods Sold and Grow Your Profit Margins

1. Alexis started the month with stock that had a cost of \$8,300, which is her beginning inventory.
2. With FreshBooks accounting software, you know you’re on the right track to a tidy and efficient ledger.
3. In effect, the company’s management obtain a better sense of the cost of producing the good or providing the service – and thereby can price their offerings better.
4. Since COGS is so crucial to your business, making efforts to optimize it can pay off in many ways.
5. Cost of Goods Sold (COGS), otherwise known as the “cost of sales”, refers to the direct costs incurred by a company while selling its goods or services.
6. Cost of Goods Sold (COGS) is the direct cost of a product to a distributor, manufacturer, or retailer.

The calculation for COGS depends on the inventory costing method used by a company. You also have to spend \$1 per bath soap on the labor required to craft it and \$1 for packaging. Levon Kokhlikyan is a Finance Manager and accountant with 18 years of experience in managerial accounting and consolidations. He has a proven track record of success in cost accounting, analyzing financial data, and implementing effective processes.

COGS include market-driven costs like lumber, metal, plastic, and other supplies that have a cost set by someone else and are, therefore, less under your control. When inventory is artificially inflated, COGS will be under-reported which, in turn, will lead to a higher-than-actual gross profit margin, and hence, an inflated net income. The balance sheet has an account called the current assets account. The balance sheet only captures a company’s financial health at the end of an accounting period.

In this method, a business knows precisely which item was sold and the exact cost. Further, this method is typically used in industries that sell unique items like cars, real estate, and rare and precious jewels. Because COGS is a cost of doing business, it is recorded as a business expense on income statements. Knowing the cost of goods sold helps analysts, investors, and managers estimate a company’s bottom line.

FIFO and specific identification track a single item from start to finish. Examples of pure service companies include accounting firms, law offices, real estate appraisers, business consultants, and professional dancers, among others. Even though all of these industries have business expenses and normally spend money to provide their services, they do not list COGS. Instead, they have what is called “cost of services,” which does not count towards a COGS deduction.

The final number derived from the calculation is the cost of goods sold for the year. To benchmark, businesses should look at their COGS for a specific time period (a day, a quarter, a year, etc.) and compare it to a different time period of the same length to see how sales changed. Because COGS tells business owners how much it costs to acquire your products, the number ties directly back to profit and revenue. For example, if your COGS is the same as or lower than your revenue for that period, it means you’ve broken even or have lost money and are not profitable. In summary, COGS is a critical metric that affects various aspects of a business’s operations and financial performance.

This means the manufacturer’s total number of backpacks sold during this month cost \$1,200,000 to produce. At the end of the month, the company has a remaining inventory of backpacks that cost \$500,000 to make. Say that you had \$10,000 worth of backpacks at the start of the month, but it’s the last month of summer vacation, and so the store stocks up on an additional \$20,000 worth of backpacks. At the end of the month, they have just \$2,000 worth of backpacks to be sold to their customers. Any business that sells products needs to know its COGS, or cost of goods sold.

It can also impact your borrowing ability when you are ready to scale up your business. As you can see, calculating your COGS correctly is critical to running your business. Obviously, automation is a hot-button issue in today’s economy and has a bad rep for displacing certain workers. Take the time to run not only a cost analysis but also an analysis of how this could impact the image of your business as a whole. One way for manufacturers to lower the cost of goods sold is to consider automation.

We’ll also include examples to elucidate the process of calculating the cost of goods sold. Our partners cannot pay us to guarantee favorable reviews of their products or services. Thus, Shane would sell his June inventory before his January inventory. The cost of goods sold equation might seem a little strange at first, but it makes sense.

You will need to strategically find ways to reduce your costs so that you can improve your profitability. COGS is a key performance indicator (KPI) that tells you how much it costs to produce your product. Selling, general, and administrative (SG&A) expenses are usually put under this category as a separate line item. The cost of goods available for sale or inventory at the end of the second quarter will be 220 remaining candles still in inventory multiplied by \$8.65, which results in \$1,903. The final inventory will then be counted at the end of an accounting period.