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List of Tangible and Intangible assets

August 9, 2023
Bill Kimball

In simple words, such assets have a short life span, which can be easily converted into cash during an accounting period. Fixed or long-term assets are convertible to cash but not as quickly as current assets. Tangible assets are the opposite of intangible assets which do not take a physical form and have a theorized value rather than a transactional exchange value. Long-term assets include things like property, equipment, machinery, and buildings. “It’s things that would last longer than a one-year horizon,” Smith says. These assets can be converted into cash, but not as quickly or easily as current assets.

A high NTA value also ensures protection against uncertainties in the market and helps a company retain its stock price. For companies that have large inventories, the results may convert into millions of dollars in lost productivity, replacements, fines, or repairs. Beyond immediate costs, substandard equipment can have a negative impact on the quality of an organization’s products or services. In turn, this will affect customer satisfaction and the reputation of the business. A company can use its physical assets as collateral for obtaining loans for the expansion of its business. In other words, the lender can seize these assets if the company defaults on its loan payment because they possess definite transactional value.

Thus, a company must have clear knowledge about the minimum value an asset can fetch from a quick sale or liquidation. In this method, an assessor is hired who determines the overall value that a bulk asset-buyer would pay for the tangible asset owned by a company. An asset is tangible when it takes a physical form, that is, it can be seen, touched, and felt.

The cost of these assets may or may not be part of the company’s cost of goods sold, but regardless of that, they are assets that hold real transactional value for the company. “Anything that you can hold or touch could be considered a tangible asset,” says Steven Saunders, a chartered financial analyst at Round Table Wealth Management. Positive brand equity occurs when favorable associations exist with a given product or company that contribute to a brand’s value. It’s achieved when consumers are willing to pay more for a product with a recognizable brand name than they would pay for a generic version. Tangible assets such as books, toys, wine, gold, stamps, and furniture have become asset class in their own right. Many rich people will aim to include these assets as part of their asset portfolio.

What are Tangible Assets?

Because of this, it is important for a company to efficiently manage its assets during its life cycle. This is because errors can lead to an inaccurate valuation of the business as well as incorrect tax reporting. Therefore, a company must record and value its assets accurately in order to make the most of them. Fixed assets are depreciated over a period of time, this also means that they possess a scrap or residual value. Cash is a current asset and it is the most liquid type of asset.

list of tangible assets

Terri’s company would record tangible current assets, such as inventory, at the cost she paid for them, usually determined from the invoice she received from the supplier. There are many different types of tangible assets and they vary from company to company. The following are some example of tangible assets that a company might list on its balance sheet. When looking at tangible assets it’s important to understand the two types of asset. All the equipment, machines, raw materials and products that company use to produce goods are tangible assets. When companies list out their assets and expenses on a balance sheet, one of the most important things listed are the company’s assets.

Tangible asset management helps organizations to monitor all assets especially fixed assets, assess their condition, and keep them in good working condition. Through this, they minimize the lost inventory, equipment failures, and downtime, then improve the lifetime value of the asset. Here, the company tries to find out the cash it would acquire if it sells the assets as they can be converted to cash. It is important for the company to have knowledge about the minimum value it would receive from a quick sale or liquidation. For tangible non-current assets, Terri is permitted to record any cost that she incurs while getting the asset ready for its intended use. She could also include the cost of any electrical upgrade or installation costs related to the equipment.

As they cannot be converted to cash, they must be accounted for in the current accounting period and this is achievable by the means of depreciation. In other words, they are reduced in value over time through depreciation. Depreciation is a noncash balance sheet notation that reduces an asset’s value by a scheduled amount over time. Current assets are first, followed by fixed assets and then intangible assets.

What Are Some Examples of Tangible Assets?

Examples of current assets are stocks, cash, marketable securities, accounts receivables, and cash equivalents. All these tangible assets are included in calculating the quick ratio of a company. Other current assets are included in calculating a company’s current ratio which shows how well a company can cover its liabilities with its current assets.

list of tangible assets

By implication, it is an expenditure that helps a company to receive a tax benefit. They do not have a permanent connection to the structure of a building. These items include desks, chairs, computers, electronic equipment, tables, partitions, etc.

Plant and machinery

Here, the depreciation is subtracted from the actual value of the asset to give the net book value. After all the fixed assets are recorded in this case, then the current assets follow and they are summed up. As earlier pointed out, tangible assets are needed for the daily operations of every business. This also means that it can close down because while fixed assets possess long-term value for the company, current assets possess short-term value.

list of tangible assets

Since brand equity is an intangible asset, as is a company’s intellectual property and goodwill, it cannot be easily accounted for on a company’s financial statements. However, a recognizable brand name can still create significant value for a company. Investing in the quality of the product and a creative marketing plan can have a positive impact on the brand’s equity and the company’s overall viability. Tangible assets are physical and measurable assets that are used in a company’s operations.

Tangible Assets vs. Intangible Assets: An Overview

They are recorded on the balance sheet as Property, Plant, and Equipment (PP&E). They include assets such as trucks, machinery, office furniture, buildings, etc. The money that a company generates using tangible assets is recorded on the income statement as revenue. A portion of a company’s balance sheet contains intangible assets.

In other words, they focus on physical assets such as property, plant, and equipment (PP&P) as well as cash instruments and inventory. Physical assets are listed on a company’s balance sheet while intangible assets as we know are assets without a physical form. The net tangible assets of a company can help in securing financing and determining the amount of risk it carries. A quick review of the balance sheet provides a layout for the tangible assets of a company listed by liquidity.

  • When it comes to liquidity, a company with a high net asset value has low risk.
  • The net tangible assets of a company can help in securing financing and determining the amount of risk it carries.
  • This also means that it can close down because while fixed assets possess long-term value for the company, current assets possess short-term value.
  • A company can use its physical assets as collateral for obtaining loans for the expansion of its business.
  • Generally, an insurer makes use of the replacement cost method to calculate the value of the asset for insurance purposes.

When it comes to liquidity, a company with a high net asset value has low risk. A high value of net tangible assets can serve as immunity against the uncertainty that can occur in the market and help in supporting the stock price of the company. As tangible current assets are easily convertible to cash, they make provision for liquidity to the business thereby reducing risk. As long as the value of the assets that a business owns is greater than the money risked in acquiring them, a business typically remains safe and solvent. Seeing that a company owns many tangible assets can also speak to its growth potential.

Business assets are items of value that significantly contribute to your small business net worth. You need to properly calculate, take care of, and record your business’s tangible assets. Several industries have companies with a high proportion of intangible assets. Intangible assets are nonphysical assets used over the long term. Intangible assets are often intellectual assets, and as a result, it’s difficult to assign a value to them because of the uncertainty of future benefits.

A company can calculate its tangible assets by examining its balance sheet. The first step in doing this is to assess the worth of the assets, starting with the one that is the most liquid including cash and cash equivalent. Secondly, go to investing and ascertain the current market worth. Determining the net tangible assets helps to find out if a company’s market share price is undervalued or overvalued. This activity takes place by comparing the value of the net tangible assets per share to that of the company’s current price.

Intangible assets are “definitely important for a company, but a lot harder to value” Saunders says. Let’s meet Terri, the president of Terri’s Terrific Truffle Company. Terri just purchased a new piece of equipment for her factory and asked her accountant for help on how to record it.

What Is Included in Tangible Assets?

However, they are important costs to be considered when valuing a company, especially during the events of liquidation. In order to record depreciation, Terri will need to estimate the useful life of the asset. Its useful life represents the length of time she anticipates it is going to last.

You cannot see or touch these intangible assets, but they ensure fame and recurring monetary benefit for artists and companies. With the presence of tangible assets, a company can determine its liquidity ratios which point toward its ability to repay debts. It appreciates over time and does not have a definite useful life. Building on the other hand probably the company or factory, is subject to depreciation as its value decreases over time.

For example, a computer would have a useful life of five years, per IRS Publication 946. You would depreciate the computer’s value over the course of five years in your books. Although fixed assets are not liquid, you can typically depreciate their value in your books to lower your tax liability.

A company has a greater prospect of maximizing value from its investments the better and more effectively it manages its assets. By maintaining accurate asset records on the balance sheet, a company can show the profitability and the financial position of its business. This is why a balance sheet is also referred to as a statement of financial position. The nature of the organization should help you determine what an organization should or shouldn’t own. The BMW logo is an intangible asset because the company places a high value on its brand recognition even though it is not a physical item of finite value.