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Top 134 Accounting Interview Questions and Answers PDF

July 3, 2023
Bill Kimball

It is an expenditure that is revenue in nature and incurred during an accounting period, but its benefits are to be derived from a number of following accounting periods. Accrued Income is income that has been earned, but has not been recorded in the books of accounts presently. Similar to accrued expenses, an adjustment entry will be required in this case too. Amortization is only done for Intangible assets, unlike depreciation which is for tangible assets. Reduction in value by prorating the cost of an intangible asset over multiple accounting periods is called amortization. It ensures that the company’s records are correct and that the bank’s records are also correct.

accounting interview questions and answers pdf

The reduction in the value of a tangible fixed asset due to normal usage, wear and tear, new technology or unfavourable market conditions is called Depreciation. Income Statement – It presents a summarized view of revenue, income, profit, and loss of a particular accounting period. This one also stands tall among top finance and accounting interview questions asked in technical rounds by hiring managers.

Explain what does the standard journal entry includes?

Such accrual is created for recording the expense on an income statement. Billable expenses are the expenses incurred by the seller on behalf of the customer in performing service or duties. Double-entry bookkeeping is a principle of accounting where every debit entry has a corresponding credit. Working capital is a financial metric that calculates the resources available to the company to finance its day-to-day operations.

The normative theory is a theory that prescribes how the accounting process should be done. Accrual Accounting is a method for measuring the performance and position of the company by identifying economic events. The trade bills are accounting documents generated against each transaction. It is the indirect expenditure of a company such as salaries, rent dues, etc. Offset accounting is one that decreases the net amount of another account to create a net balance. It is the time required by the company to pay all its account payables.

How to calculate turnover accounting?

All types of exchange bills, bonds, and other securities owned by a merchant that is payable to him are said as bills receivable. Not much knowledge, but the basic mathematical background is required in accounting for operations like addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. Retail banking is a type of banking that involves a retail client. These clients are normal people and not any organizational customers. In the perpetual inventory system, the accounts are adjusted on a continual basis. Fictitious assets can only be felt, such as goodwill, rights, etc.

Creative accounting is a practice to create a picture that is not technically correct from the perspective of the intended user. Accounting transactions refer to the execution of the user program that contains a list of actions. Marginal cost is defined as an increase or decrease in the cost of producing units or serving customers.

accounting interview questions and answers pdf

Material facts are the bills or any document that becomes the base of every account book. It means that all those documents, on which account book is prepared, are called material facts. Purchase return is a term used to record every defective or unsatisfactory product returned to its supplier. Auditing is the checking whether all these events have been noted down correctly or not. TDS is shown on the assets section, right after the head current asset. The turnover ratio of a company is the measure that is used to understand how well the company manages to collect its receivables from its clients.

Where a cash discount should be recorded in a journal entry?

In contrast, Reserves are the profits of any company, placed back to the business to keep it sustainable in tough times of a company. Balancing means to equate both sides of the account, i.e., the debit and credit sides of an account must be equal/balanced. Executive accounting is a type of accounting that is specifically designed for a business that offers services to users. It is a statement that states all the liabilities and assets of the company at a certain point. GST (Goods and Service Tax) is the tax added to all goods and services for daily consumption.

It is typically calculated by deducting current liabilities from current assets. The unpresented cheque will get recorded as a credit to the cash account in the company’s General ledger. Reversing journal entries are entries made at the beginning of an accounting period to cancel out the adjusting journal entries. These entries are made at the end of the previous accounting period.

accounting interview questions and answers pdf

Depreciation expense is the amount of depreciation that is reported on the income statement. Revenues are reported in the accounting period when service or goods have been delivered. Provisions are the liabilities or the anticipated items, such as depreciation.

A short term amounts due from buyers to a seller, who have purchased goods or services from the seller on credit is referred to as account receivable. An over accrual is a condition where the estimate for an accrual journal entry is too high. Public accounting offers audits and CPAs to review company financial records to ensure accountability.

If an account has a debit balance (e.g for an Asset a/c), then there will be a credit balance in its contra account. Balance Sheet – B/S would show them as on-date assets, liabilities & capital position of a business. This single entry will affect both accounts, the asset accounts, and the liabilities accounts. A deposit in transit is a check or cash that has been received and recorded by an entity.

What accounting concept is employed when using the lower-of-cost-or-market valuation?

It is not used to sell in the near future and from which future benefits are derived. A non-performing asset is an account of borrower, that has been classified by a financial institution or bank. Ratio analysis is the analysis of various goods in the business financial statement.

  • Accounting normalization is a process of removing items from the statement of income or balance sheet.
  • A private accountant handles the business transactions, accounts payable and billings.
  • In the double-entry system of accounting, the amounts are to be recorded as credits and debits.
  • Be ready for this question in accounting interviews for roles related to Accounts Payable and Accounts Receivable.
  • The cost sheet contains both direct and indirect expenses incurred in producing any product.

The purpose of these standards is to implement the same policies and practices in any country. Example – A small business spends 1,50,000 on advertising which is unusually large for them. The benefits from it are expected to be derived over 3 years so the company decides to divide the expense over 3 yearly payments of 50K.

It should not yet been entered in the records of the bank where the funds are deposited. You must be very good at statistics if you want to do well in accounting. Otherwise, with minimum knowledge, you cannot manage your day to day transactions effectively in accounting. A reconciliation statement is prepared when the passbook balance differs from the cash book balance.

Another very frequently discussed topic in the list of finance and accounting interview questions is accruals. They are expenses and revenues that have been incurred or earned but have not been recorded in the books of accounts. Adjustment entries are incorporated in the financial statements to report these at the end of an accounting period. Accrued Expense is an expense that has been incurred, but has not been recorded in the books of accounts presently. It will require an adjustment entry in the books of accounts to reflect this in the financial statements. Another one among the list of commonly asked finance and accounting interview questions is Deferred Revenue Expenditure.

Name different branches of accounting

Also called net worth or owner’s equity, capital is the money brought in by the owner of the business as an investment to start the operations. Capital is a type of Personal Account which belongs to an individual or a firm (owner). The reason why you will never see depreciation being charged on land is that land has an infinite useful life. Without knowing how many years a fixed asset will last depreciation cannot be charged.

Not all goods purchased in beginning & during the accounting period are sold until the end of that period, this results in a remainder balance known as closing stock. Real – All assets in business either tangible or intangible classify as real accounts. Non-billable expenses are the expenses incurred by the seller for carrying out responsibilities.

What is the basic difference between accounting and auditing?

Nominal – All accounts related to expenses & losses or incomes & gains fall under this category. CMM is a standard for measuring the maturity of a company’s software development processes. It is judged by IT service providers to deliver high-quality software. EA represents as a taxpayer and collects and audits, financial transactions. Computerized accounting is a method in which financial information is collected, processed, and summarized into financial reports. Account payable for one company may be account receivable for another firm or company.