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# Times Interest Earned Ratio, Calculate, Formula

August 19, 2024
Bill Kimball

Its total annual interest expense will be (4% X \$10 million) + (6% X \$10 million), or \$1 million annually. A higher ratio suggests that the company is more likely to be able to meet its interest obligations, reducing the risk of default. We will also provide examples to clarify the formula for the times interest earned ratio. This source provides the 2021 median ICR ratio for a number of industries, based on publicly traded U.S. companies that submit financial statements to the SEC. To determine a financially healthy ratio for your industry, research industry publications and public financial statements.

## Formula and Calculation of the Times Interest Earned (TIE) Ratio

However, because one company is younger and is in a riskier industry, its debt may be assessed a rate twice as high. In this case, one company’s ratio is more favorable even though the composition of both companies is the same. The ratio does not seek to determine how profitable a company is but rather its capability to pay off its debt and remain financially solvent.

## The Importance of TIE Ratio in Financial Analysis

Consider Tech Innovations Corp., a company famed for its cutting-edge tech products. Their EBIT stood at \$1 million, with interest expenses at \$200,000, resulting in a TIE Ratio of 5. This high ratio played a pivotal role in attracting investors, bolstering the company’s capital for future projects. Simply put, your revenues minus your operating costs and expenses equals your EBIT. Get instant access to video lessons taught by experienced investment bankers.

1. While a company might have more than enough revenue to cover interest payments, it may be facing principal obligations coming due that it won’t be able to pay for.
2. The cost of capital for issuing more debt is an annual interest rate of 6%.
3. Debts may include notes payable, lines of credit, and interest expense on bonds.
4. You can’t just walk into a bank and be handed \$1 million for your business.
5. This real-world example underscores the TIE Ratio’s utility in shaping financial decisions and investment outcomes.

## Free Financial Modeling Lessons

Review all of the costs you incur, and identify areas where costs can be reduced. If you can purchase a product through multiple suppliers, you can force the suppliers to compete for your business and offer lower prices. Shaun Conrad is a Certified Public Accountant and CPA exam expert with a passion for teaching. After almost a decade of experience in public accounting, he created MyAccountingCourse.com to help people learn accounting & finance, pass the CPA exam, and start their career. In contrast, Company B shows a downside scenario in which EBIT is falling by \$10m annually while interest expense is increasing by \$5m each year.

## Times interest earned ratio alongside other metrics

As with most fixed expenses, if the company can’t make the payments, it could go bankrupt and cease to exist. This ratio is crucial for investors, creditors, and analysts as it provides insight into the company’s financial health and stability. A higher TIE ratio suggests that the company is generating sufficient earnings to comfortably cover its interest payments, indicating lower financial risk. Conversely, a lower TIE ratio may signal financial distress, where the company struggles to manage its interest payments, posing a higher risk to creditors and investors.

However, a company with an excessively high TIE ratio could indicate a lack of productive investment by the company’s management. This may cause the company to face a lack of profitability and challenges related to sustained growth in the long term. A high TIE means that a company likely has a lower probability of defaulting on its loans, making it a safer investment opportunity for debt providers. Conversely, a low TIE indicates that a company has a higher chance of defaulting, as it has less money available to dedicate to debt repayment.

To improve its times interest earned ratio, a company can increase earnings, reduce expenses, pay off debt, and refinance current debt at lower rates. To better understand the financial health of the business, the ratio should be computed for a number of companies that operate in the same industry. In turn, creditors are more likely to lend more money to Harry’s, as the company represents a comparably safe investment within the bagel industry. Companies that can generate consistent earnings, such as many utility companies, may carry more debt on the balance sheet. Lenders are interested in the number of times a business can increase earnings without taking on more debt, and this situation improves the TIE ratio.

The times interest earned ratio is calculated by dividing income before interest and income taxes by the interest expense. The times interest earned ratio shows how many times a company can pay off its debt charges with its earnings. If a company has a ratio between 0.90 and 1, it means that its earnings are not able to pay off its debt and that its earnings are less than its interest expenses.

While a higher calculation is often better, high ratios may also be an indicator that a company is not being efficient or not prioritizing business growth. The Times Interest Earned Ratio, a testament to the intricacies of financial analysis, offers a lens through which investors and creditors can assess a company’s capability to manage its debts. By evaluating a company’s TIE Ratio, stakeholders gain insights into its financial stability and risk level. The TIE Ratio should be evaluated periodically, typically on an annual basis, to track a company’s financial stability and debt management ability over time.

Here, Company A is depicting an upside scenario where the operating profit is increasing while interest expense remains constant (i.e. straight-lined) throughout the projection period. Automate your treasury strategy and put your corporate cash to work in U.S.

Learn financial statement modeling, DCF, M&A, LBO, Comps and Excel shortcuts. Here, we can see that Harrys’ TIE ratio increased five-fold from 2015 to 2018. This indicates that Harry’s is managing its creditworthiness well, as it is continually able to increase its profitability without taking on additional debt.

The ratio shows the number of times that a company could, theoretically, pay its periodic interest expenses should it devote all of its EBIT to debt repayment. The times interest earned formula is EBIT (company’s earnings before interest and taxes) divided by total interest expense on debt. Debts may include notes payable, lines of credit, and interest obligations on bonds. The ratio is stated as a number as opposed to a percentage, and the figures necessary to calculate the times interest earned are found easily on a company’s income statement.

However, a healthy TIE Ratio may contribute to investor confidence, potentially impacting stock performance indirectly. The ideal TIE Ratio can significantly vary by industry due to differences in operating margins and capital structures. High-capital industries may have lower typical TIE Ratios compared to service-based sectors. Learn more about how to prep yourself for an SBA loan that can help grow your business and have cash reserves so that you can build better product experiences.

While the TIE ratio does not account for cash, managers must collect sufficient cash to make interest payments. Use accounting software to easily perform all of these ratio calculations. Using Excel spreadsheets for calculations is time consuming and increases the risk of error. This article explores the times interest earned (TIE) ratio, provides several examples of its application, and explains how your business can improve the ratio’s value over time. It also secured favorable loan terms from creditors, further enhancing its growth trajectory. This real-world example underscores the TIE Ratio’s utility in shaping financial decisions and investment outcomes.